When the prophet Jeremiah brings the word of the Lord to the exiles in Babylon, he tells them to work for the prosperity of the city. (29:7 link to Net Bible) Notice that he doesn't say to "fight poverty" but instead to work for prosperity.
In many ways, poverty is like darkness -- it is not a thing, but the absence of a thing. Darkness can only be overcome by the addition of light. Likewise, the solution to poverty is the creation of prosperity.
In this 15 minute TEDx talk, Nigerian Efosa Ojomo, applies these ideas to the context of Africa today.